Liposuction is not without risks. Contrary to public perception, liposuction is not an ordinary dermatology procedure that one can avail of several times in a year. Liposuction is an invasive medical procedure that involves cutting through the skin and sucking out lipid deposits in various areas of the body. If performed incorrectly, liposuction can be dangerous and even potentially lethal. Even at the hands of the best doctors there is, accidents can happen and accidents that involve internal organs of the body can be extremely dangerous.
Below is a rundown of the risks involved in a liposuction procedure to help you make informed choices. Do not let testimonials and success stories sway you. Read on before you decide on getting one. You’ll never know but your life may be at stake.
Risk of infection
This is perhaps the most common risk in any surgical or medical procedure. It may happen during or after surgery, so do not be too sure unless you have already completely healed. Although some physicians do give antibiotic to their patients to minimize the risk of infections, some doctors forgo with antibiotic altogether because of the additional cost. Some patients even refuse them because of the lack of funds for the procedure.
Infections can be minor and therefore easily treated while others can be really dangerous. One example of which is the condition “necrotizing fasciitis,” wherein bacteria consumes the affected tissue. There is also the toxic shock syndrome, which is also caused by bacteria and can be fatal.
This condition occurs when fats enter ruptured blood vessels and joins the blood stream as it travels to various organs of the body. The danger begins when fat deposits get lodged in some organs of the body such as the lungs (pulmonary emboli) and even the brain. People afflicted with pulmonary emboli may experience difficulty in breathing and may lead to disability and even death.
Some patients may experience paresthesia, a condition wherein sensation are altered and even lost at the area where the procedure was performed. There may either be extreme pain or total loss of feelings or what is commonly called numbness.
Although this is considered quite normal after surgery, if the condition still persists after several weeks and months, it is necessary that you visit your doctor and consult with him. There is a possibility that the sensation can be made permanent when not given immediate attention.
During ultrasound-assisted procedures, there is a danger of the ultrasound probe becoming too hot and it may cause burns through the skin.
Liposuction as mentioned before is an invasive procedure and sometimes during the procedure, wounds are inflicted in some organs of the body. This is not surprising because during liposuction, the physician cannot actually see where the canula is. All the doctor has going for him is his experience and instinct. There are cases when organs like the intestines are punctured.
There are cases when the skin at the liposuction site becomes “necrotic” or in common terms, die. The skin will suddenly change color and may even fall off.
Excessive fluids in the body
When fats are removed from the body, fluids are lost. This is why physicians inject fluids to counteract the process. There are cases however when too much liquid are brought in resulting in a fluid imbalance that can affect the heart, the lungs and the kidney.